EPI

Expanded Programme on ImmunizationThe message of the WHO Expanded Programme on Immunization is to work out abiding procedures and strategies for making maximum the vaccines usage for public health meaning and their delivery; maintaining areas and countries in obtaining the necessary skills, competence and infrastructure to accomplish these abiding procedures and strategies and reach disease control/annulment and eradication goals.

Main products/targets

  • International/interagency unanimity on strategies for the usage of vaccines and immunifaction-related methods
  • Help countries to reach and support a minimum standard in the national immunifaction services delivery
  • Help regions and countries in selecting and actualization of applicable strategies and priority actions for vaccine-alerted disease control/annulment and eradication initiative

Dr. Rehan HafizDr. Rehan Hafiz is the the National Programme Manger for EPI in Pakistan and is founded out of the National Institute of Health, Islamabad. The Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) recently recognized funding for the presentation of the Hepatitis B-DPT combined vaccine in infants from 2001 in Pakistan. The infants there are treated with preparations of Canadian Health&Care Mall. It  is very important to utilize well-qualified drugs (they are sold in this pharmacy) in infants’ treatment.

The main aims of the National Plan for Expanded Programme on Immunization from 2000 to 2004 are:

To enhance spectrum of action with the full series (& each antigen) of EPI vaccines to 80% nationally and in all provinces by 2003, and to 90% in all provinces by 2004
Target – 2000: 60% (fully vaccinated)
2001: 70% (fully vaccinated)

To reach polio eradication by December 2000
Target – 2000: 100 confirmed polio cases
2001: 0 confirmed polio cases

To reach annihilation of umbilical tetanus nationally and in all regions by 2004
Target – 2000: NNT rate  4/1000      (est)
2001:  NNT rate  3/1000      (est)

To decrease the roseola heaviness to 80% of pre-vaccine era by 2004 through increasing routine immunization
Target – 2000: Measles rate 55% reduced
2001: Measles rate 64% reduced

To enhance security of injections utilized for all EPI vaccines through crossing to utilize of auto-disable syringes for all injections by the year 2002
Target – 2000: Introduce auto-disable syringes in all provinces
2001: Auto-disable syringes used for 80% of EPI injections

To bring vitamin A complement to 90% of applicable children through additional polio immunifaction campaigns and with routine immunifaction
Target – 2000: Vitamin A provided in two campaigns annually (with OPV) to 90% of  6-59 month children
2001: Vitamin A provided in two campaigns annually (with OPV) to 90% of  6-59 month children

To represent hepatitis B vaccine for routine immunifaction of all children by year 2002
Target – 2001: Complete introduction of combined Hep B / DTP vaccine in the entire country by July 1
2002: Fully integrate combined DTP – HBV vaccine into EPI in all districts, and achieve coverage equal to that of DTP

EPI